Narrative analysis focuses on analyzing how some components of a story is arranged, why some components are assessed differently, how the present and the past shape the perceptions of each other and how both the present and the past determine the future. Narrative analysis also deals with the manner in which people create and apply stories to interpret the world around them and it treats the narratives as products of the society in a specific setting related to locations of historical value, cultural value or social value. So, narrative analysis can be considered as the key with which people create an identity for themselves and so it is normally biased (subjective). Moreover, narratives are set in a worldly dimension where characters and their actions are fantasy or imaginary with disparate components such as sub plots and other digressions.
Classification of Narrative Analysis
Narrative analysis is classified into categories such as structural approach (analyzing setting, summary, initiating event, complicating action, resolution, assessment and then returning to the present) sociological approach (analyzing the actions of the characters related to the social setting at the time of the story and comparing those to the present) and functional approach (analyzing the story to find how problems are solved or uncertainties are resolved). When learners are involved in narrative analysis, they acquire the skill to evaluate the narrative with regard to the world that they live in and they also learn to assess the writers as to how the imaginary characters relate the real world.