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Chirality:- Chirality or” molecular handedness” is the type of “stereoisomerism” that is found in otherwise identical molecules that differ only in the way in which atoms are arranged in “three dimensions”, but cannot be inter-converted by bond rotation.
  • The carbon atom in the centre is “asymmetric”, (center of chirality), in chiral compounds, having four different groups attached.
  • As a result of absence of any “mirror plane”, the molecule is considered to be “handed”
  • There is no in between. That is either a compound can be “left handed or “right handed”.
  • Examples of Chiral compounds: D (dextro) and L (Laevo)- glucose. D and L amino acids.
Figure:-Mirror images of tetrahedral Carbon bearing four different groups A, B, C and D.

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