Recently, outbreaks of coronavirus (now called COVID-19) in China have been a cause for global concern. It came in December from a seafood and meat market in Wuhan, China. Since then it has spread to other countries including the United States.
Despite the separation of Wuhan and other Chinese cities, COVID-19 has spread internationally to about 70 locations. In the US, COVID-19 cases have been confirmed in New York, California, Oregon and Washington State. There have been deaths in both Washington State and California.
What is Coronovirus?
Coronovirus is a virus found in animals and, rarely, can be transmitted from animals to humans and then spread to individuals. In addition to COVID-19, other human coronaviruses include:
- The MERS virus, or Middle East respiratory syndrome.
- The SARS virus, or severe acute respiratory syndrome, which first occurred in the Guangdong province in southern China.
- Coronaviruses are common in different animals. Rarely, an animal coronavirus can infect humans.
- There are many different kinds of coronaviruses. Some of them can cause colds or other mild respiratory (nose, throat, lung) illnesses.
- Other coronaviruses can cause more serious diseases, including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
- Coronaviruses are named for their appearance: Under the microscope, the viruses look like they are covered with pointed structures that surround them like a corona, or crown.
How is COVID-19 spread?
COVID-19 can be passed from one person to another through drops from cough and sneeze. COVID-19 has been found in people worldwide, and is considered an epidemic.
The spread of this new coronovirus is being monitored by the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) of health organizations such as Johns Hopkins worldwide.
How did this new coronovirus spread to humans?
COVID-appeared on 19 December 2019 in Wuhan, a city in China. Although health officials are still ascertaining the exact source of this new coronovirus, initial hypotheses thought it may be associated with a seafood market in Wuhan, China. Some people visiting the market developed viral pneumonia due to the new coronavirus. A study that appeared on January 25, 2020, states that individuals with previously reported cases became ill on December 1, 2019 and had no connection with the seafood market. How the virus originated and spread is under investigation.
What is the incubation period for COVID-19?
It appears that symptoms are appearing in people within 14 days of exposure to the virus.
What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
COVID-19 symptoms range from mild to severe. It takes 2–14 days after exposure for symptoms to develop. Symptoms may include:
- Fever (Center for Disease Control assumes a person has a measured temperature of at least 100.4 ° F [38 ° C]) if he has a fever.
- Shortness of breath
People with a weakened immune system may develop more severe symptoms, such as pneumonia or bronchitis. You can never develop symptoms after exposure to COVID-19. So far, the majority of confirmed cases are in adults, but some children have been infected. There is no evidence that children are at greater risk of getting the virus.
In rare cases, COVID-19 can cause severe respiratory problems, kidney failure, or death.
If you have a fever or difficulty breathing, such as a cough or shortness of breath, call your doctor or health care provider and call your symptoms over the phone before going to the doctor’s office, urgent care facility, or emergency room. Explain. Here are suggestions if you feel sick and worried then you may have COVID-19.
What causes coronovirus infection?
Man first obtains a coronovirus by contact with animals. Then, it can spread from human to human. Health officials do not know which animal caused COVID-19.
The COVID-19 virus can spread through exposure to certain bodily fluids, such as cough drops. It can also be caused by touching an infected person and then touching your hand with your mouth, nose or eyes.
Is this coronavirus different from SARS?
SARS stands for severe acute respiratory syndrome. In 2003, an outbreak of SARS started in China and spread to other countries before ending in 2004. The virus that causes COVID-19 is similar to the one that caused the 2003 SARS outbreak: both are types of coronaviruses. Much is still unknown, but COVID-19 seems to spread faster than the 2003 SARS and also may cause less severe illness.
How is coronovirus diagnosed?
If you think you have COVID-19, you should contact your family doctor immediately. Before going to the doctor’s office, call with your concerns. This will allow the office to collect information and provide you with guidance in the next steps. To diagnose you, your doctor may run tests to deal with other common infections. In some cases, your doctor may suggest isolating you to prevent the spread of infection.
Can coronavirus be prevented or avoided?
Try to avoid people who are ill or meet in large groups. If you are sick, stay home.
Cover your cough with a tissue or cough in your upper sleeve or elbow. Do not cough in your hands.
Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially before going to the bathroom, before eating, and after running down your nose, coughing or sneezing. If soap and water are not readily available, use alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash hands with soap and water if your hands are dirty in appearance. Avoid touching your mouth, nose or eyes.
The Center for Disease Control has issued travel advisories for several affected countries. If you are traveling to an area where COVID-19 is present, talk to your doctor.
There is currently no vaccine or treatment of COVID-19. Symptoms of a coronavirus usually go away on their own. If symptoms feel worse than a common cold, contact your doctor. She or he may prescribe pain or fever medicine.
For example, if you have a cold or flu, drink fluids and get plenty of rest. If you have trouble breathing, seek medical attention immediately.
When possible, avoid contact with others when ill. If you have COVID-19, wear a facemask to prevent the virus from spreading to others. CDC does not recommend wearing a mask if you do not have COVID-19.