Parts of cell

Online Tutoring Is The Easiest, Most Cost-Effective Way For Students To Get The Help They Need Whenever They Need It.


Cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life. It was first observed and named by Robert Hook. In higher animals and plants the following organelles are there
  • Nucleus:- storehouse of the genes that are the units of inheritance.
  • Chromosomes are the bearers of genes, which are passed on from one generation to the next.
  • Nucleolus are the sites of RNA synthesis
Other than the nucleus the cytoplasm (the ground substance) consists of:
  • Mitochondrion :- Powerhouse producing energy;
  • Golgi Apparatus, Endoplasmic Reticulum :- Protein Synthesis, modification and export
  • Lysosomes are the suicide bags.
Cells divide into daughter cells by Mitosis.
  • Eukaryotes:- True Nuclei, with a nuclear membrane. E.g. Mouse and humans
  • Prokaryotes:- No nuclear membrane. E.g., Bacteria

HAVE A QUESTION? Chat With Our Tutoring Experts Now