Diagram of Internal Organs

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Human body is made up of various organ systems. Each organ system is made up of different organs which perform a specific function.

The various internal organs are:

The brain: Itis the control Centre of the nervous system. They control the muscles, sensory reception and integration, speech , memory storage, and the elaboration of thought and emotion.

The lungs: They are two spongy conical structures in the chest cavity. They provide oxygen from inhaled air to the bloodstream and to exhale carbon dioxide.

The liver: It lies on the right side of the abdominal cavity beneath the diaphragm. It helps in breaking down fats, producing urea, filtering harmful substances and maintaining a proper level of glucose in the blood.

The bladder: It is a muscular organ located in the pelvic cavity which store urine

The kidneys: They two bean-shaped organs located at the back of the abdominal cavity, one on each side of the spinal column. Itmaintains the body’s chemical balance by excreting waste products in the form of urine.

The heart: It is a hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood through the blood vessels

The stomach: It is a muscular, pear-shaped bag which helps in the digestion of food through production of gastric juices

The intestines: They are located between the stomach and the anus and are divided into two -the small

intestine and the large intestine. The small intestine helps to absorb ingested food. The large intestine

absorbs water and excretion of solid waste material.

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