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The coordinate plane is divided into 4 quadrants as shown above.

The point (1, 2) -> x = 1 and y= 2. Since both ‘x’ and ‘y’ are positive numbers, the point lies in Quadrant I.

The point (-2, 4) -> x= -2 and y= 4. Since ‘x’ is negative but ‘y’ is positive, the point lies in Quadrant II.

The point (-3, -1) -> x= -3 and y= -1. Here both ‘x’ and ‘y’ are negative, hence the point lies in Quadrant III.

The point (5, -6) -> x= 5 and y= -6. Here ‘x’ is positive and ‘y’ is negative, hence the point lies in Quadrant IV.

The point (-4, 5) -> x = -4 and y= 5. Since ‘x’ is negative but ‘y’ is positive, the point lies in Quadrant II.