Multi-digit number is a number with two or more digits. Division is one of the basic arithmetic operations used in different branches of mathematics. Division is denoted by a cross sign ÷. The number which is divided is called as the dividend. The number with which the dividend is divided is called the divisor. Using the dividend and the divisor the quotient and the remainder is further determined.
Example 1: Zack brought total 128 paper clips. If he then divided them into 8 boxes. How many paper clips are in each box?
Solution: Total number of paper clips = 128.
Number of boxes = 8.
Number of clips per box = Total number / Number of boxes.
Therefore, each box will have = 128/8; i.e. 128 ÷ 8.
Remainder = 0; Quotient = 16.
Hence, each box will contain 16 paper clips.
Question: Multiple choice question (Pick the correct option.)
What is the quotient when 55 is divided by 5?
a) 10 b) 11 c) 12 d) None of these.
.Here we have 55 ÷ 5. So 55 is the dividend and 5 is the divisor.
The first digit is equal to 5. Start with the first digit. Divide the ten’s place.
Use 5 x 1 = 5. Subtract 5 – 5 = 0.
Now bring the one’s place down. Divide the ones place.
We have 5 ÷ 5 so again use: 5 x 1 = 5. Subtract 5 – 5 = 0.
Hence, remainder = 0 and quotient = 11.